During the Ottoman Empire, an essential goal of education was to raise 'great Muslims'. Hence there was a requirement for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the concrete origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Instruction was passed, changing the existing, mainly sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all academic organizations under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Professors of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the brand-new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician Individuals's Celebration (CHP) spiritual education was renewed in 1948. This consisted of the establishment of a Professors of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. First actions for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Party government, which established seven unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools came across the threat of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could just register in university programmes if they had passed courses used at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 crucial reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as employment schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for higher education.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually in the beginning, but their numbers expanded rapidly to 334 throughout the 1970s. The union government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Celebration), dedicated to reopen junior highs and offering the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of almost 4 years. Throughout the 1974-75 academic year the variety of trainees addressing the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is often mentioned as the impact of the National Salvation Celebration's membership of a variety of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Circumstance given that 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a crucial turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of contributing to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased considering that, the number of students going to Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partly due to the enhancement in here the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had dramatically increased to reach 511,502. Along with this massive boost in appeal, the number of schools likewise increased. The variety of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and senior high schools 402. The boost in both student and school numbers can be attributed to elements consisting of the commitment of people to faith, dorm room facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and an increase in demand for spiritual education.
Research study suggests that between the years of 1993 and 2000, prospective students signed up at Imam Hatip high schools mainly to receive religious tutoring alongside a more basic education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based exclusively on the trainee's decision. The 3rd proposed factor in the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, practically 100,000 women attended Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all students. This statistic is particularly exposing because ladies are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of 8 years of mandatory education in 1997 has actually seen a sudden decrease in the appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" meant that, although more options had actually been provided to graduates, obtaining locations at prominent university courses ended up being more difficult.By requiring that all eight compulsory years of schooling be spent under the exact same primary-school roofing system, middle schools were abolished. Kids could not enter trade schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) till the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as before).